In

It is a fact: women are under-represented among Nobel Prize winners.
Between 1901 and 2019

It is a fact: women are under-represented among Nobel Prize winners.
Between 1901 and 2019

out of 923 prize winners

only 54 women have won this prize

20 of which in the field of science (physics, chemistry and medicine)

and among these, only 12 have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine

2 of whom were awarded the prize as spouses

out of 923 prize winners

only 54 women have won this prize

20 of which in the field of science (physics, chemistry and medicine)

and among these, only 12 have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine

2 of whom were awarded the prize as spouses

nominees of the nobel prizes
Only 1.8% of the nominations for the Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry and Medicine are women.
nobel laureates 1901-2019
Green dots represent the Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry and Medicine awarded to women.

The reason for this has been unequal access to education, technology and leadership positions, which has precluded many brilliant female minds from careers in science and blocked their progress.

The lack of prizes and acknowledgement is a reflection of the inequality that women too often experience throughout their careers. The gender gap in science, technology and innovations leads to wasted talent and unexploited discoveries. And without visible and recognized female scientists, who set an example and act as role models, young female scientists and researchers can be discouraged from dedicating their lives to scientific research.

Following on from the first series of #contagiousstories we are dedicating a second series to the 12 women who have won the Nobel Prize in Medicine.

See below timeline for their discoveries.

timeline donne da nobel, parte 1
timeline donne da nobel, parte 2

Our goal is to draw attention to the women who have contributed to the future of medicine and who are still guiding new generations of young women by encouraging empowerment and gender mainstreaming.

Each of them has made a fundamental contribution to research.

Let’s just think about the discovery of artemisinin, the anti-malarial drug developed by the Chinese immunologist Tu Youyou (2015 Nobel Prize), or the research into cellular ageing, which led Elizabeth H. Blackburn and Carol W. Greider (2009 Nobel Prize) to understand how telomeres protect chromosomes from the deterioration of genetic matter.

As we will see, each of their stories is different. Yet, they have several traits in common.

Audacity: they are not afraid to go down roads never travelled before by their colleagues

Brilliance: they see unexpected connections between phenomena that seem very different

Curiosity: they are interested in seemingly “minor” aspects and create new avenues of research

Energy: they work enthusiastically and tirelessly, which makes them unstoppable

Generosity: they know how to work as a team and share their discoveries with their colleagues

Passion: they dream about changing the world and reducing people’s suffering

Resilience: they never give up when faced with the difficulties and obstacles they find along their path

Tenacity: as young scientists they study a specific area, which they take forward for the rest of their lives

Audacity: they are not afraid to go down roads never travelled before by their colleagues

Brilliance: they see unexpected connections between phenomena that seem very different

Curiosity: they are interested in seemingly “minor” aspects and create new avenues of research

Energy: they work enthusiastically and tirelessly, which makes them unstoppable

Generosity: they know how to work as a team and share their discoveries with their colleagues

Passion: they dream about changing the world and reducing people’s suffering

Resilience: they never give up when faced with the difficulties and obstacles they find along their path

Tenacity: as young scientists they study a specific area, which they take forward for the rest of their lives

Their work has changed the way that we look at medicine and their stories deserve to be known, acknowledged and told.

Images and drawings have been created by the young and talented Nina Chhita, artist name @nina.draws.scientists

Online

blog Sciences Beyond Frontiers

Date

weekly appointment

Read here all the #contagiousstories of the women who changed the history of medicine.

Rosalyn Yallow

Rosalyn, the mother of endocrinology

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was the sixth woman in the world to win the Nobel Prize in Science and the second woman to win the Nobel Prize in Medicine

> Read More
Gerty Cori donne da Nobel

Gerty, the first female winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine

Gerty Radnitz Cori was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1947.
The prize, shared with her husband Carl Cori and Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay, was awarded for the discovery of the metabolic process responsible for...

> Read More
Banner